What are the types of depression?
What are the types of depression?
Depression is like any other illnesses like heart diseases or diabetes, there are many types of depression and we have discussed the most common types here.
Major depression disorder
MDD or Major Depression disorder, this type is very common among many people and is also known as clinical depression and unipolar depression. The person diagnosed with MDD will feel depressed for more than 2 weeks, with other symptoms like loss of interest in daily activities, sudden weight loss or weight gain, feeling hopeless and guilty, loss of energy, unable to focus or make decisions and high thoughts of suicide. This type of depression will not allow to focus on work and daily routines.
Antidepressants are available to treat this condition. Talk therapy can also help patients who suffer from Major depression disorder.
Dysthymic or Persistent depressive disorder
This type is similar to MDD; however, the symptoms are seen for a longer period of time, say for more than 2 years. With this form of depression, people can participate in daily activities, however, will be unable work like others. Sadness, trouble focusing, loss of appetite, irregular sleeping habits are some of the symptoms
People with this type of depression will have psychotic symptoms like hallucination and delusions. Hallucination is seeing or hearing that is not existing, delusion is a false belief like thinking they have super power and paranoia is a wrong belief that people are watching or trying to harm them.
Prenatal and Postpartum depression
Women are more likely to get depression during pregnancy and after pregnancy. The former is called as antenatal or prenatal depression and later is called postpartum depression. Pregnancy is the time where a lot of physical and hormonal changes happen to a woman. So during this period, they develop depressed easily. 80 percent of women fall prey to this condition and find very difficult to handle it because their relationship with the baby gets affected.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
PMDD occurs 10 days before your menses, this is a very common in women and affects 30 to 80 percent of the population. Irritability, anxiety, breast tenderness, changes in eating and sleeping habits are some of the symptoms associated with this disorder. Antidepressants, nutritional supplements, herbal remedies can be used to treat this condition.
Seasonal affective disorder ( SAD)
Seasonal effective disorder is a mood disorder that usually occurs during the winter when the days are short with inadequate sunlight. Normally it starts during the onset of winter and slowly goes when the season ends. This type of depression is found in countries that have longer nights and short days.
Also well known as manic depression or mood disorder where the person experiences both the mania and depression. Mania is quite different from depression – the symptoms include false belief like thinking they have super powers, have an extreme level of energy, racing thought, very little sleep, unable to focus and get irritated easily for simple things.
Some will have psychosis that includes delusions and hallucinations. Bipolar disorder run in families, mostly people with bipolar will have a family member with mood disorder. Several medicines are available to treat this condition.
Hope now you got an idea about the major types of depression. If you face any of the symptoms, don’t hesitate to ask for help. Consult a doctor and get the right treatment.